CATEGORIZED | News

Challenges outlined in directional drilling through salt in deepwater GOM

Posted on 06 March 2008

Shock and vibration. Proper bit selection (a stable bit is a must, Mr Israel noted) and pre-drill vibration modeling can mitigate these issues. But the best way to manage shock and vibration, he said, is perhaps through real-time diagnosis and intervention. This usually involves a dedicated drilling optimization engineer who monitors the drilling in real time, identifies vibration mechanisms and recommends mitigating measures.

Inclusions. Inclusions can be a big issue simply because of the uncertainty of the pore pressure within the inclusion, he explained. Whether abnormally or sub-normally pressured, there could be lost-circulation risks. Risks of shock and vibration also are present in inclusions. 

Tar. Tar is a “very tricky problem” that’s been seen in the GOM, Mr Israel said, particularly in salt exits. Some operators have used hybrid forms of drilling with casing, while others have tried to simply get through the tar and case it off as far as possible. While it’s not always possible, the best strategy may be to just avoid it.

Salt exit strategy. Drillers must have an exit strategy based on local experience. The mud weight to be used must be considered, and caution is needed when drilling through rubble zones. 

Although drilling directionally through salt is no easy task, several enabling technologies have emerged to help drillers push the limits. They include: 

Deepwater rigs. Directional salt drilling demands higher torques, improved hydraulics for hole cleaning, and higher hoisting capacities to run longer strings of casing. “Improvements in 5th- and 6th-generation deepwater rigs have definitely been a key component to allowing us to successfully drill big holes directionally through salt,” Mr Israel said.

Directional drilling components. Rotary steerable systems can yield the perfectly round holes that are needed to drill through salt, he said, on top of adding ROP. Improved bits and under-reamers also have provided the required directional performance on these projects. 

Subsalt imaging and LWD. Three-dimensional pre-stacked depth images have been able to provide a clearer picture of what’s below the salt. Gamma ray at the bit, sonic sensors and seismic while drilling also have improved the drilling process.

Real-time monitoring. Whether this takes place on the rig, at an operator’s office or at a service company facility, this monitoring can be “very beneficial” in leveraging existing experience to ensure project success. 

Additional details on this presentation will be published in the May/June edition of Drilling Contractor.

Leave a Reply

*

FEATURED MICROSITES


Recent Drilling News

  • 24 April 2014

    Baker Hughes and Aker Solutions form subsea production alliance

    Baker Hughes and Aker Solutions have formed an alliance to develop technology for production solutions that will boost output, increase recovery rates and reduce costs for...

  • 22 April 2014

    Noble names Steven Manz as Senior VP And CFO of Paragon Offshore

    Steven A. Manz will serve as Senior VP and CFO of Noble Corp’s spinoff company Paragon Offshore, a standard specification offshore drilling company, Noble announced today...

  • 17 April 2014

    Shell makes deepwater gas discovery offshore Malaysia

    Shell has made an exploration discovery offshore Malaysia in the Rosmari-1 well located 135 km offshore Malaysia in Block SK318. The well was drilled to a total depth of 2,123...

  • 16 April 2014

    Maersk Drilling takes delivery of ultra-deepwater drillship

    Maersk Drilling has taken the delivery of its second drillship, Maersk Valiant from the Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI) shipyard in Geoje-Si, South-Korea. Maersk Valiant has begun its voyage toward the...

  • 16 April 2014

    Ensco orders new jackups from Lamprell

    Ensco has ordered two high-specification jackups, ENSCO 140 and ENSCO 141, for delivery in mid-2016 from Lamprell’s shipyard in the United Arab Emirates. The rigs will also...

  • Read more news