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Drilling It Safely

Noble: Human factors training must be embedded into technical training, not added as afterthought

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On a drilling rig, employees are regularly challenged to apply both their technical knowledge and non-technical human factors skills at the same time. Therefore, it is important that human factors training be integrated into technical training from the very beginning. At the 2016 IADC Human Factors Conference in Galveston on 4 October, Tony Willis, Director of Leadership and Talent Management at Noble Drilling, said the contractor has built human factors into training for all employees, from new-hires to leadership. In this video from the conference, Mr Willis explains how Noble is embedding human factors into its technical training. He also explains the importance of ensuring all employees, no matter how long they have been on the job, are trained on human factors.

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Alternative safety pyramid allows ExxonMobil to focus on low-probability, high-consequence events


A shift in strategy toward safety was implemented at ExxonMobil when the company realized that it wasn’t giving enough focus to the critical events that have a combination of low probability and high consequence. “We’ve done a really good job at reducing overall injury rates, but we also noticed that our incident rates were still not at zero. We’re still not at the bottom point,” Paul Schuberth, Upstream Safety, Security, Health and Environment Manager for ExxonMobil, said at the 2016 IADC Drilling HSET Europe Conference in Amsterdam on 22 September. “More importantly, the life-altering events and fatalities were still occurring.”

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Maersk’s Durkin: Step-changes in safety do not require big spending


The offshore drilling market remains in turmoil, but the industry’s efforts to improve safety performance are carrying on without disruption. “We cannot and we will not allow market conditions to dictate how we care about our people or the environment,” Angela Durkin, COO of Maersk Drilling, said in a keynote address at the 2016 IADC Drilling HSET Europe Conference. “We will continue to work together and learn from each other and learn from other industries to avoid making the mistakes from the past,” she said to conference attendees in Amsterdam on 21 September.

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Barrier functions help to guide evolving approach to safety-critical tasks

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Maersk Drilling is evolving its approach to safety-critical tasks – away from a one-size-fits-all thinking to thinking more about barrier functions and what must be achieved in terms of risk reduction. In this video from the 2016 IADC Drilling HSET Europe Conference in Amsterdam on 21 September, DC Managing Editor Linda Hsieh speaks with Mark Campbell-Howes, Head of HSSE Development Section for Maersk, about recent lessons learned on safety-critical tasks. For example, should maintenance done on safety and environmental critical equipment be considered safety-critical tasks themselves? Watch the video for Mr Campbell-Howe’s answer.

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NOGEPA keeps simplicity in mind while preparing for Offshore Safety Directive implementation

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The Netherlands Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Association (NOGEGA) has been working to prepare for the implementation of the Offshore Safety Directive, with old NOGEPA guidelines now transformed to NOGEGA standards. New standards have also been created on well control and integrity and verification, Gert-Jan Windhorst, Secretary Operations Health & Safety/Deputy Secretary General for NOGEPA, said at the 2016 IADC Drilling HSET Europe Conference in Amsterdam on 21 September. In this video from the conference, Mr Windhorst speaks with DC Managing Editor Linda Hsieh about challenges related to the directive’s implementation process. Watch the video for more information.

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Remove the barriers to automated MPD to enable automated well control

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Automated MPD can enable automated well control, making for a generally safer and more efficient drilling operation. However, barriers remain that obstruct industry’s implementation of automated MPD, including liability and traditional roles and responsibilities. Drilling contractors are typically responsible for equipment integrity on the rig, but during MPD...

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QGOG simplifies fleet maintenance through ISO 14224 standardization

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To simplify maintenance through standardization, Queiroz Galvão Óleo e Gás (QGOG) recently began implementing ISO 14224 methods for asset integrity on the company’s offshore rigs. ISO 14224 provides a comprehensive basis for collection of reliability maintenance data in a standard format for all equipment. Implementation is already complete on QGOG’s Brava Star drillship and is in progress on eight more rigs. QGOG Asset Integrity Engineer Thiago Amato discussed the process for implementing ISO 14224, as well as results of the implementation, at the 2016 IADC Asset Integrity and Reliability Conference on 30 August in Houston. Watch the video with Mr Amato to learn more.

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Caterpillar eases Tier 4 transition with 3512E engine

The 3512E, Caterpillar’s Tier 4-compliant engine, has a similar skid size to the commonly used 3512C for an easier transition from Tier 2 to Tier 4 engines.

By the end of 2017, drilling contractors will need to have transitioned to engines compliant with the US Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Tier 4 standards for non-road diesel engines. The EPA’s flexibility provisions had allowed onshore drillers and OEMs in North America to continue using Tier 2 engines, but the flexibility period will end next year.

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OESI panel encourages more engineering, training for alarm management

From left are Evelyn Baldwin, Human Factors Lead Instructor at Maersk Training; Jarvis Outlaw, Petroleum Engineer at the US Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE); Trent Martin, Senior Manager – Technical Support Service at Transocean; Mike Fairburn, Operations Manager at Shell; and Eddie Habibi, Founder and CEO of PAS. The panelists participated in the Ocean Energy Safety Institute forum, “Focusing on Alarm Management for Safer Offshore Operations,” held on 24 August in Houston. Bob Blank (right), Vice President Operational Excellence at Noble Drilling, moderated the panel discussion on alarm management at the forum.

By Alex Endress, Editorial Coordinator Today’s offshore drilling rigs are highly complex and equipped with numerous digitized and interconnected systems. To monitor the functionality of these systems, rigs have also been equipped with numerous alarms – some that are safety- and mission-critical, and some that aren’t. Deciphering which alarms are critical and reacting accordingly is a matter of proper engineering and training, both of which were discussed at an Ocean Energy Safety Institute (OESI) forum, “Focusing on Alarm Management for Safer Offshore Operations,” held on 24 August in Houston. “Alarm fatigue or alert fatigue occurs when one is exposed to a large number of frequent alarms and consequently becomes desensitized to them,” Bob Blank, Vice President Operational Excellence at Noble ...

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Garvin: Systems, processes must be in place to keep workers safe as rigs go back to work

When land rigs begin going back to work, it’s important that companies take steps to avoid a spike in safety incidents, Mike Garvin, Senior Vice President, Operation Support at Patterson-UTI, said at the 2016 IADC Asset Integrity and Reliability Conference in Houston on 31 August.

It’s been approximately 20 months since the downturn began, and uncertainty persists over how much longer the market will remain depressed. Dayrates are down by approximately 40% on average, and many contractors are operating on negative margins. Some have even been pushed out of the market altogether, Mike Garvin, Senior Vice President, Operation Support at Patterson-UTI, said at the 2016 IADC Asset Integrity and Reliability Conference on 31 August in Houston. “Back at the peak, there were 171 drilling contractors operating at least one rig in the United States. Today, we're at 87, so half of the drilling contractors have quit working over the last two years,” he said.

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