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Drilling It Safely

Flin: Understanding drillers’ situation awareness critical to safety, efficiency

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In order to complete drilling operations safely, drillers need to be able to constantly anticipate potential problems and the meaning of diagnostic signals from the well. Drillers must also have a high-level understanding of the well state at any point during the drilling process. These factors are considered drillers’ situation awareness. Dr Rhona Flin, Professor of Industrial Psychology at Robert Gordon University, facilitated a study with PhD candidates to create a model for drillers’ situation awareness. The model aims to help the industry improve situation awareness and decision-making. Watch DC’s video with Dr Flin from the 2016 IADC Human Factors Conference in Galveston, Texas, on 5 October to learn more.

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Drilling industry continues to push evolution of crew resource management

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Training for rig crews continues to evolve, with more programs now focusing on giving employees the skills needed to handle unexpected situations where split-second decisions and teamwork make all the difference. Crew resource management training can now be found in many of the industry’s training programs, and some are also beginning to integrate it with technical education and simulation-based training. To learn more about the evolution of crew resource management, watch DC’s video with Maersk Training Crew Resource Management Lead Instructor Evelyn Baldwin from the 2016 IADC Human Factors Conference in Galveston on 5 October.

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CSB: Non-technical skills can help employees find their way through complex situations

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In its investigation of Macondo, the US Chemical Safety Board (CSB) found that future incidents could potentially be prevented if employees are equipped with non-technical skills. Such skills could help them navigate the complex situations that can occur on a drilling rig, where a great deal of information may be thrown at them at once. In this video from the 2016 IADC Human Factors Conference on 4 October in Galveston, Texas, Cheryl Mackenzie, CSB Investigations Team Lead, explains some of the CSB’s findings from its investigation. She also discussed recommendations the CSB made to API, the US Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement and the Ocean Energy Safety Institute.

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Noble: Human factors training must be embedded into technical training, not added as afterthought

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On a drilling rig, employees are regularly challenged to apply both their technical knowledge and non-technical human factors skills at the same time. Therefore, it is important that human factors training be integrated into technical training from the very beginning. At the 2016 IADC Human Factors Conference in Galveston on 4 October, Tony Willis, Director of Leadership and Talent Management at Noble Drilling, said the contractor has built human factors into training for all employees, from new-hires to leadership. In this video from the conference, Mr Willis explains how Noble is embedding human factors into its technical training. He also explains the importance of ensuring all employees, no matter how long they have been on the job, are trained on human factors.

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Alternative safety pyramid allows ExxonMobil to focus on low-probability, high-consequence events

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A shift in strategy toward safety was implemented at ExxonMobil when the company realized that it wasn’t giving enough focus to the critical events that have a combination of low probability and high consequence. “We’ve done a really good job at reducing overall injury rates, but we also noticed that our incident rates were still not at zero. We’re still not at the bottom point,” Paul Schuberth, Upstream Safety, Security, Health and Environment Manager for ExxonMobil, said at the 2016 IADC Drilling HSET Europe Conference in Amsterdam on 22 September. “More importantly, the life-altering events and fatalities were still occurring.”

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Maersk’s Durkin: Step-changes in safety do not require big spending

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The offshore drilling market remains in turmoil, but the industry’s efforts to improve safety performance are carrying on without disruption. “We cannot and we will not allow market conditions to dictate how we care about our people or the environment,” Angela Durkin, COO of Maersk Drilling, said in a keynote address at the 2016 IADC Drilling HSET Europe Conference. “We will continue to work together and learn from each other and learn from other industries to avoid making the mistakes from the past,” she said to conference attendees in Amsterdam on 21 September.

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Barrier functions help to guide evolving approach to safety-critical tasks

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Maersk Drilling is evolving its approach to safety-critical tasks – away from a one-size-fits-all thinking to thinking more about barrier functions and what must be achieved in terms of risk reduction. In this video from the 2016 IADC Drilling HSET Europe Conference in Amsterdam on 21 September, DC Managing Editor Linda Hsieh speaks with Mark Campbell-Howes, Head of HSSE Development Section for Maersk, about recent lessons learned on safety-critical tasks. For example, should maintenance done on safety and environmental critical equipment be considered safety-critical tasks themselves? Watch the video for Mr Campbell-Howe’s answer.

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NOGEPA keeps simplicity in mind while preparing for Offshore Safety Directive implementation

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The Netherlands Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Association (NOGEGA) has been working to prepare for the implementation of the Offshore Safety Directive, with old NOGEPA guidelines now transformed to NOGEGA standards. New standards have also been created on well control and integrity and verification, Gert-Jan Windhorst, Secretary Operations Health & Safety/Deputy Secretary General for NOGEPA, said at the 2016 IADC Drilling HSET Europe Conference in Amsterdam on 21 September. In this video from the conference, Mr Windhorst speaks with DC Managing Editor Linda Hsieh about challenges related to the directive’s implementation process. Watch the video for more information.

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Remove the barriers to automated MPD to enable automated well control

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Automated MPD can enable automated well control, making for a generally safer and more efficient drilling operation. However, barriers remain that obstruct industry’s implementation of automated MPD, including liability and traditional roles and responsibilities. Drilling contractors are typically responsible for equipment integrity on the rig, but during MPD...

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QGOG simplifies fleet maintenance through ISO 14224 standardization

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To simplify maintenance through standardization, Queiroz Galvão Óleo e Gás (QGOG) recently began implementing ISO 14224 methods for asset integrity on the company’s offshore rigs. ISO 14224 provides a comprehensive basis for collection of reliability maintenance data in a standard format for all equipment. Implementation is already complete on QGOG’s Brava Star drillship and is in progress on eight more rigs. QGOG Asset Integrity Engineer Thiago Amato discussed the process for implementing ISO 14224, as well as results of the implementation, at the 2016 IADC Asset Integrity and Reliability Conference on 30 August in Houston. Watch the video with Mr Amato to learn more.

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