CATEGORIZED | News

Roads to UBD, MPD paved with ‘intentions’

Posted on 26 February 2010

Ken Malloy, Stress Enegineering Services, and Sara Shayegi, Hess Corp, jointly presented a paper discussing the specific intentions behind UBD, MPD and mud cap drilling during the SPE/IADC Managed Pressure Drilling & Underbalanced Operations Conference, 24-25 February in Kuala Lumpur.

Conventional, overbalanced drilling sometimes cannot fit the bill. Difficult drilling applications and easily damaged formations are classic examples in which conventional drilling can be confounded. In “UBD or MPD: An Engineering Choice Based on Intent (SPE/IADC 130563),” Ken Malloy, Stress Engineering Services, and Sara Shayegi, Hess Corp, drew sharp contrasts between these and similar techniques that included tips on appropriate applications for each.

Mr Malloy and Ms Shayegi presented a joint paper at the SPE/IADC Managed Pressure Drilling & Underbalanced Operations Conference, 24-25 February in Kuala Lumpur. The event’s platinum sponsor was At Balance with Smith, while Managed Pressure Operations was the silver sponsor and Halliburton an event sponsor.

The authors noted that the choices are not limited to MPD, UBD or conventional drilling. “The options really are UBO, MPD and mud cap drilling,” Ms Shayegi said. “Some people think mud cap drilling is a form of MPD.”

Instead, Mr Malloy suggested, mud cap drilling is a “man without a country.”

In conventional drilling, the annular pressure is maintained far higher than that of the formation. Conversely, annular pressure in UBD is less than formation pressure. Finally, in MPD, annular pressure is maintained at or near formation pressure.

While underbalanced drilling can be traced back as far as the 1860s, when a well was first drilled with air, MPD is a more recent development that emerged in 2003.

“What we needed was a more balanced drilling technique that we really did not have,” Mr Malloy said.

“MPD is different than conventional drilling,” noted Ms Shayegi. “You are not going to look at things downhole as much. You are going to look at the choke.” This, she said, can be a challenge for a conventionally experienced driller.

The principal difference between UBO and MPD lies in intent. The intent of UBD is to maintain wellbore pressure below pore pressure in order to draw out formation fluids. Conversely, pressures in MPD are more closely controlled, the aim being to maintain wellbore pressure in near balance with pore pressure. In MPD, the intent is to avoid drawing formation fluids into the wellbore.

The IADC UBO & MPD Committee definition of MPD explicitly states that the technology’s intention is to “avoid continuous influx of formation fluids to the surface.” (Click here to see the committee website for the full definition).

In this sense, MPD and UBO are opposites, Mr Malloy said. Further, the technologies appeal to different applications. While MPD was developed to overcome drilling problems, such as lost circulation, stuck pipe, wellbore stability and well control, UB, by inviting a continuous influx, aims at minimizing formation damage and enhancing reserves and recovery.

In any event, solid planning is key to successful implementation of any drilling strategy, as is flexibility, Mr Malloy said: “It’s not like you have to set in stone that you are going to do MPD operations throughout the well or UB operations throughout the well or conventional operations throughout the well.”

Ken Malloy, Stress Engineering Services, and Sara Shayegi, Hess Corp

0 Comments For This Post

1 Trackbacks For This Post

  1. Drilling Ahead: To MPD or not to MPD? Simplifying daunting decisions | Drilling Contractor Says:

    […] summaries of the presentations by Mr Medley,  Mr Malloy and Ms Shayegi are available here, as is a video interview with Brian Grayson, Weatherford, chairman of the IADC UBO & MPD […]

Leave a Reply

*

FEATURED MICROSITES


Recent Drilling News

  • 17 December 2014

    Saudi Aramco: Four factors for a sustainable drilling business

    Despite the modest growth in demand and drop in oil prices today, the long-term outlook for industry is healthy. “Our industry will need to add around 40 million bbl per day for new capacity...

  • 16 December 2014

    Ensco development program produces driller in 3 years

    Ensco’s Accelerated Development Program (ADP) takes a “green” individual and, within a three-year period, trains them to become a driller. In response to personnel shortages in various areas, including drilling...

  • 16 December 2014

    Saudi Aramco: ‘Industry cannot afford to lose talent when the economy is down’

    Industry is facing a human resources challenge in two areas: the ageing workforce and the shortage of skills, Mohammed Al Sellemi...

  • 16 December 2014

    Nanotechnology has potential to improve tool performance in extreme environments

    In terms of temperature stability and corrosion, tools have limitations, especially in extremely challenging drilling environments. Jothibasu Ramasamy...

  • 16 December 2014

    Colville: WCI provides forum to evaluate practical, economical advances in well control practices

    Major players throughout industry are joining forces under the Well Control Institute (WCI). The mandate of WCI is “to provide the definitive forum...

  • Read more news