Fueled by increasing dayrates and growing global demand growth for harsh environment semi-submersible offshore drilling rigs, some industry leaders are extremely bullish on future demand for these semis, but the market is far from achieving full utilization and growth expectations need to be tempered, according to new analysis from IHS Markit, a leading global source of critical information and insight.
According to the IHS Markit Floating Rig Report and IHS Petrodata RigPoint database, average new fixture dayrates for all floating rigs climbed by 12% year-over-year through September 2018, and the average expected annual growth in global demand for the floating rigs is 7% through 2022, but the floater market utilization (which includes all semi-submersibles and drill ships) is far from tight at just 48%.
“Dayrates for HE semis increased 25% year-over-year based on Q3 2018 rates versus Q3 2017, while rates for all other floating rigs have only increased 3% during the same period, so we are seeing positive growth in the HE semis market, but we are far from a boom,” Erik Simonsen, Associate Director, Upstream Consulting at IHS Markit, said.
“There are two key points of distinction to be made relative to the market demand for these HE floaters. First, there is no shortage of HE floaters – the industry is oversupplied and global utilization for HE semis is comparable to other floating rigs – far below the 80% that would be considered a boom or tight market. Second, not all rigs are created equal and we are seeing significantly higher utilization and dayrates for the more modern HE semis, which are much more efficient than the older HE floaters, so companies are willing to pay a premium for those more efficient rigs,” Mr Simonsen said.
Nearly all HE floaters are working in Northwest Europe, with the best units working off the coast of Norway. Without further scrapping of older, less-efficient rigs, Simonsen said the industry will stay below 70% floater utilization until 2022. IHS Markit estimates that approximately 25 floating rigs a year will need to be scrapped to increase utilization to a desirable rate and bring the market into balance in 2020, which also represents average attrition of floating rigs in the period 2015-2017.
“The most modern HE floaters have seen an average year-over-year growth (Q3 2017 to Q3 2018) in dayrates of 33% compared to increased rates of just 4% growth for older HE floaters, so there is a huge difference in dayrates and demand, depending on the age and capability of the rig,” Mr Simonsen said. “There has been much market excitement about the first new-build floating rig order since 2014, as Awilco Drilling ordered a HE semi in February 2018. This could be both good and bad news.”
“The risk is that when some contractors start to order new rigs, other contractors might stop planned scrapping of their old rigs with the thinking that, even if newer rigs are generally more efficient, there could also be demand for their older floaters. If contractors follow this approach, it would most likely delay the market upturn beyond 2022,” Mr Simonsen said. “The Brent oil price has recently dropped 30% to $60 per bbl and the present price is below the forecasting price in the IHS Markit Floating Rig Report. This significant oil price decline emphasizes the importance of attrition for the less-efficient rigs even though the oil price is volatile and might recover.”
The concept of a slow-but-steady emergence, rather than a rapid emergence from a prolonged downturn for the offshore rig industry, was echoed in the IHS Markit worldwide mobile rig forecast for 2020, issued recently to clients. In its first worldwide mobile rig forecast for 2020, IHS Markit, which relies on data from its Petrodata RigPoint database, recently estimated the average global demand for mobile offshore drilling units, comprising jackups and floating rigs (including HE), is expected to increase by approximately 15% between 2018 and 2020 as the offshore market slowly emerges from its prolonged downturn. The company recently published its outlook for customers, in the October edition of the monthly IHS Markit World Rig Forecast: Short-Term Trends.
IHS Markit expects global offshore rig demand will average 521 units in 2020, which exceeds the average of 453 units expected through 2018. These demand figures account for the entirety of 2018 through 2020, including seasonal fluctuations and regional trends.
“Much of the increase in global demand can be attributed to the price of oil being sustained at a higher level than when the downturn was in full swing,” Justin Smith, Offshore Rig Analyst at IHS Markit and an author of the rig forecast, said. “In addition, costs associated with the offshore industry have been slashed in recent years. This has led operators to reconsider exploration, appraisal, and development programs that were not economically viable while the market was bottoming-out.”
While the demand for jackups, which work in shallow water, will improve during this period, the increase will primarily be driven by floating rigs, specifically semi-submersibles and drillships, as operators step up activity in deepwater areas around the globe, according to IHS Markit.
“Despite increased oil prices in the past year and a boost in operator cash-flows, according to our IHS Markit analysis, we expect E&P spending growth to be disciplined.” We estimate a growth in CAPEX spending of about 7% per year through 2022 because we believe oil companies will not repeat their mistakes from the previous, painful boom-and-bust cycle. They will likely consider using their excess cashflow for paying debt or dividends, or for acquisitions to fuel growth, rather than spending all free cashflow on field developments,” Mr Simonsen said.